CMU Bulletins - Courses (2024)

Course Descriptions

A full list of course designators (which are linked to all course descriptions) is at the bottom of this page.

Key to Course Descriptions

Course Numbers. The level of a course is indicated by the number. Usually it is expected that students will take courses appropriate to their classification. It is particularly important for freshmen to register for courses numbered below 200.

000-099 Credits in these courses do not apply to the minimum 124 hour requirement for graduation.
100-199 Primarily for Freshmen
200-299 Primarily for Sophom*ores
300-399 Primarily for Juniors
400-499 Primarily for Seniors
500-599 Advanced Undergraduate Courses

A student who has been formally admitted to Graduate Studies and who takes courses numbered 500 or higher will receive graduate credit and, with the approval of the advisor, may apply it to a degree program.

600-699 Graduate Courses. Open only to students who have been admitted to Graduate Studies. Undergraduate students should use the form available from the office of Graduate Studies website to apply to take a graduate course for undergraduate credit.

700-799 Graduate Courses. Open only to students who have been admitted to Graduate Studies.

800 -899 Graduate Courses. Open only to students who have been admitted to Graduate Studies and who are in the third year of doctoral study or full time internship at the specialist level.

900-999 Graduate Courses. Open only to students who have been admitted to Graduate Studies and who are in the fourth year of doctoral study.

Graduate courses which are subject to limitation under the policy on unspecified content or variable credit are listed in each department.

Cross-Listed Courses

Cross-listed courses are those courses identified in the course listing as “identical to” another course. Credit may not be earned in more than one of these courses.

Credit and Attendance Hours

Central Michigan University complies with the federal credit hour definition. “one hour of classroom or direct faculty instruction and a minimum of two hours of out-of-class student work each week for approximately fifteen weeks for one semester” 34CFR 600.2 (11/1/2010). This credit policy applies to all courses regardless of the delivery format. Laboratory, internship, practica, studio, and similar non-lecture courses will require at least an equivalent amount of work.

The number of semester hours of credit in each course is indicated by the first number following the title of the course. Within the parentheses, the first number indicates the number of hours of lecture per week; the second number, the hours of laboratory per week. EXAMPLE: 4(3-2) means four hours of credit, three hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory.


Some courses listed as prerequisites may have their own prerequisites. You may need to plan more than one semester in advance when deciding which semester to take a particular course. Students seeking to substitute prerequisite courses with equivalents or permission of instructor may do so only with departmental approval. Such substitutions are not automatic.


  • Prerequisite – Any course(s) and/or other requirement(s) that must be completed prior to enrolling in a particular course.
  • Pre/Co-requisite(s) – Any course and/or other requirement(s) that students may take prior to, or concurrently, with the particular course.
  • Co-requisite – Any course and/or other requirement(s) that students must take concurrently with a particular course.
  • Recommended – Any course and/or other requirement(s) that might be useful for students to complete prior to enrolling in a particular course.

Syntax Guidelines

  • Multiple Course Requirements are separated by a comma. Example: ART 105, ART 115.
  • Compound requirements are separated by a semi-colon. Example: ART 105, ART 115; admission to the Teacher Education program.
  • Alternative courses are separated by “or.”

    Example: ART 105 or ART 115.

  • Multiple alternative courses are preceded by the use of “One of:”.

    Example: One of: ART 105, ART 115, ART 215.

  • Default prerequisites. “or permission of instructor” and “or equivalent” are default prerequisites and therefore apply to any course. It is understood that students may contact a faculty member for permission to register for a class (with a bump card) or have previous coursework evaluated for equivalency (with a bump card). Thus, these phrases should not appear in course descriptions.
  • “Or graduate standing” should appear only in 500 level classes to permit graduate students to register without CMU’s undergraduate requirements.

Variable Credit Courses

Variable credit courses are indicated by a semester-hour designation such as 1-3(Spec). (Spec) means there are special arrangements regarding the number of hours spent in class. Maximum hours which a student may earn in a variable credit course to apply toward graduation are the highest number in the semester-hour designation for the course (i.e., three hours maximum in example listed above).

Course Modality Definitions

Online Asynchronous. Online asynchronous courses are completely online with no required meeting days and times, but may offer optional synchronous meetings. All formalized instruction and coursework are completed online. Students will complete assignments by established deadlines. Proctored or monitored exams may be required.

Online Synchronous. Online synchronous courses are completely online with required specific meeting days and times where students are expected to be actively engaged in a virtual setting. All formalized instruction and coursework are completed online. Proctored or monitored exams may be required.

Face-to-Face. Face-to-face courses meet in a CMU approved location with required specific meeting days, times, and location as noted in the course registration system. Internet-based and other technology may be used to enhance instruction in and outside of class. Proctored or monitored exams may be required.

Hybrid. Hybrid courses have required specific meeting days and times outlined in the course registration system and require face-to-face class sessions in a CMU approved location while other required class sessions can be a mixture of synchronous online meetings and asynchronous online activity. Instructors will determine which class sessions will be held in which modality within the specified course day and time range and these will be announced in the course syllabus. Proctored or monitored exams may be required.

HyFlex. HyFlex courses meet on specific days and times simultaneously face-to-face and synchronously online. Course meeting dates, times, and location(s) are noted in the course registration system, and face-to-face meetings occur in a CMU approved location. Students can change their mode of attendance freely according to their need or preference. At the instructor’s discretion, access to course content may be available online asynchronously. Proctored or monitored exams may be required.

Other Designation

  • CR/NC - Credit/No Credit

Course Designators:

  • AAD - Academic Advancement
  • ACC - Accounting
  • ACT - Actuarial Science
  • ANT - Anthropology
  • ARB - Arabic
  • ART - Art
  • ASL - American Sign Language
  • AST - Astronomy
  • ATR - Athletic Training
  • BCA - Broadcast and Cinematic Arts
  • BIO - Biology
  • BIS - Business Information Systems
  • BLR - Business Law and Regulation
  • BUS - Business
  • CDE - Planned Experience
  • CGL - Cultural and Global Studies
  • CHM - Chemistry
  • CHN - Chinese
  • COM - Communication
  • CPS - Computer Science
  • CRM - Cultural Resource Management
  • DAN - Dance
  • DAS - Data Science
  • DBI - Deaf Blind Intervener
  • ECO - Economics
  • EDL - Educational Leadership
  • EDU - Teacher Education
  • EGR - Engineering
  • ELI - English Language Institute
  • ENG - English Language and Literature
  • ENS - Environmental Science
  • ENT - Entrepreneurship
  • ENV - Environmental Studies
  • ESC - Earth Science
  • FIN - Finance
  • FLN - Foreign Language
  • FRN - French
  • FYE - First Year Experience
  • GEL - Geology
  • GEO - Geography
  • GER - German
  • GRK - Greek
  • GRN - Gerontology
  • HED - Higher Education
  • HNS - Environmental Health and Safety
  • HOA - Hotel Administration
  • HON - Honors
  • HPE - Health and Physical Education
  • HPS - Health Professions
  • HSA - Hospitality Services Admin
  • HSC - Health Sciences
  • HST - History
  • HUM - Humanities
  • IGR - Intergroup Relations and Justice
  • IND - Interior Design
  • IPR - Integrative Public Relations
  • IPS - International Program Studies
  • ITC - Information Technology
  • JPN - Japanese
  • JRN - Journalism
  • LAR - Liberal Arts
  • LAT - Latin
  • LDR - Leadership Studies
  • LIB - Library
  • MAR - Marine Science
  • MBA - Master of Business Administration
  • MET - Meteorology
  • MGT - Management
  • MKT - Marketing
  • MLE - Middle Level Education
  • MMD - Multimedia Design
  • MSA - Master of Science in Admin
  • MSL - Military Science and Leadership
  • MST - Museum Studies
  • MTH - Mathematics
  • MUS - Music
  • NDS - Nutrition and Dietetics
  • NSC - Neuroscience
  • NUR Nursing
  • OJB - Ojibwe
  • PAD - Public and Nonprofit Admin
  • PED - Sports Instruct Progrm (Activity)
  • PES - Physical Educ Professional Crses
  • PHL - Philosophy
  • PHS - Physical Science
  • PHY - Physics
  • POR - Portugese
  • PSC - Political Science
  • PSY - Psychology
  • REL - Religion
  • RLA - Recreation and Leisure Activities
  • RUS - Russian
  • SAM - Science of Advanced Materials
  • SCI - Sciences
  • SEP - Sustainability and Environ Policy
  • SOC - Sociology
  • SPE - Special Education
  • SPN - Spanish
  • SSC - Social Sciences
  • STA - Statistics
  • SWK - Social Work
  • TAI - Theatre and Interpretation
  • TEL - Teaching English Learners
  • UNV - Prior Learning
  • WGS - Women and Gender Studies
CMU Bulletins - Courses (2024)
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